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Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
Veterinary bacteriology


Species/Subspecies: Mycoplasma meleagridis
Category: Notifiable diseases and bacteria
Etymology: Genus name: fungus shaped.
Species epithet: from a turkey.
Significance:  [Important]   
Taxonomy:
Phylum
Tenericutes
Class
Mollicutes
Order
Mycoplasmatales
Family
Mycoplasmataceae 
Genus
Mycoplasma
Type Strain: 17529 = ATCC 25294 = NCTC 10153.
Macromorphology (smell): Forms small colonies, which are not always umbonated ("fried egg appearance"). The macro morphology can be observed in a microscope.
Micromorphology: Small coccoid cells.
Gram +/Gram -:G-, but is normally not gram stained because the cells will then be fragmented.
Metabolism: Fakulatively anaerobic.Energy source: arginine (pH is increased).
Catalase/Oxidase:
Fermentation of carbohydrates: Glucose -
Spec. Char.: Lacks a cell wall.
Disease:Airsacculitis, bone deformities, reduced hatchability and growth rate.
Hosts: Turkeys
Clinical Picture:
16S rRNA Seq.:
Acc-noStrainNumber of NTOperon
L24106 175291437  

Taxonomy/phylogeny:
 
About 125 species have been described within the genus Mycoplasma. M. meleagridis belongs to the bovis cluster in the hominis group.
Legislation: Avian mycoplasmosis caused by M. meleagridis is notifyable to the Swedish Board of Agriculture in Sweden
Updated:2016-01-28

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