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Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
Veterinary bacteriology


Species/Subspecies: Mycoplasma synoviae
Etymology: Genus name: fungus shaped.
Species epithet: of joint fluid.
Significance:Worldwide distribution.
  [Important]   
Taxonomy:
Phylum
Tenericutes
Class
Mollicutes
Order
Mycoplasmatales
Family
Mycoplasmataceae 
Genus
Mycoplasma
Type Strain: WVU 1853 = ATCC 25204 = NCTC 10124.
Macromorphology (smell): Forms small colonies where some are very typical umbonated ("fried egg appearance") and some lack the "yolk". The macro morphology can be observed in a microscope.
Micromorphology: Very small and pleomorphic. Nonmotile.
Gram +/Gram -:G-, but is normally not gram stained because the cells will then be fragmented.
Catalase/Oxidase:
Fermentation of carbohydrates: Glucose +
Spec. Char.: Lacks a cell wall. Optimal growth temperature: 37°C.
Disease:Infectious synovitis.
Hosts: Chickens and turkeys
Clinical Picture:
Genome Sequence:
Acc-noStrainSize (bp)Genome
 53 0 799 476 1c + 1c 

16S rRNA Seq.:
Acc-noStrainNumber of NTOperon
X52083 WVU 1853T 1538 

Taxonomy/phylogeny:
 
About 125 species have been described within the genus Mycoplasma. M. synoviae belongs to the hominis group and is closely related to M. cynos and M. felis.
Updated:2016-01-28

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