|Etymology:||Genus name: fungus shaped. |
Species epithet: from the pig nose.
|Type Strain:||BTS7 = ATCC 17981 = NCTC 10130.|
||Forms small and atypical colonies, which lack a clearly defined nipple (no "fried egg appearance") and should be observed in a microscope.|
|Micromorphology:||Very small and pleomorphic.|
|Gram +/Gram -:||G-, but is normally not gram stained since the cells are fragile and fragmented by this staining method.|
|Fermentation of carbohydrates:||Glucose +|
|Spec. Char.:||Optimal growth temperature: 37°C.|
|Disease:||Arthritis and polyserositis in pigs from 3 up to 10 weeks of age.
|Clinical Picture:||Fever, difficulty in breathing, paralysis and swollen joints.|
|16S rRNA Seq.:|
||About 125 species have been described within the genus Mycoplasma. M. hyorhinis is closely related to M. dispar, M. ovipneumoniae, M. hyopneumoniae as well as M. flocculare and belongs to the M. neurolyticum cluster within the hominis group.|
|Comment:||Often found as a contaminant of cell cultures.|