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Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
Veterinary bacteriology


Species/Subspecies: Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. capri
Etymology: Genus name: fungus shaped.
Species epithet: similar to fungi.
Subspecies epithet: from the goat.
Significance:  [Important]   
Taxonomy:
Phylum
Tenericutes
Class
Mollicutes
Order
Mycoplasmatales
Family
Mycoplasmataceae 
Genus
Mycoplasma
Type Strain: PG3 = NCTC 10137.
Macromorphology (smell): Forms small and very typical umbonated colonies ("fried egg appearance"), which can be observed in a microscope.
Micromorphology:
Gram +/Gram -:
Catalase/Oxidase:
Spec. Char.:
Disease:Septicaemia, pleuropneumonia, arthritis and mastitis.
Hosts: Goats and sheep
Clinical Picture:
Genome Sequence:
Acc-noStrainSize (bp)Genome
FQ377874 95010 1 153 998 1c + 1c 
Three strains have been sequenced and 0-1 plasmid has been found.

16S rRNA Seq.:
Acc-noStrainNumber of NTOperon
U26037 PG3 1524 

Taxonomy/phylogeny:
 
About 125 species have been described within the genus Mycoplasma. M. mycoides subsp. capri belongs to the so-called mycoides group. These mycoplasmas are more closely related to mollicutes within the genus Spiroplasma, which are plant pathogens, than with most other members of the genus . See the phylogenetic tree.
Comment:The mollicutes lack a cell wall and have recently been transferred from the phylum Firmicutes to a new phylum, namely Tenericutes. Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. mycoides, biotype LC, has been transferred to the subspecies Mycoplasma mycoides subsp. capri.
Updated:2016-01-26

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