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Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
Veterinary bacteriology


Species/Subspecies: Staphylococcus aureus subsp. anaerobius
Category: Causes hemolysis
Etymology: Genus name: bunch of grape-like cocci (coccus means a grain or berry)
Species epithet: golden
Subspecies epithet: does not live in the presence of air (i.e. anaerobic)
Significance:  [Of minor importance]   
Taxonomy:
Phylum
Firmicutes
Class
Bacilli
Order
Bacillales
Family
Staphylococcaceae 
Genus
Staphylococcus
Type Strain: MVF-7 = ATCC 35844 = CCUG 37246.
Macromorphology (smell): Gives hemolysis on blood agar. Produces no pigment.
Micromorphology: Non-mobile cocci (0.8-1.0 µm in diameter), which occur in pairs or individually.
Gram +/Gram -:G+
Metabolism: Anaerobic
Catalase/Oxidase:-/-
Other Enzymes: Coagulase +, DNase +
Fermentation of carbohydrates:
D-glucoselactosemaltoseL-rhamnosesucrose
+-+-+
L-arabinosecellobioseD-mannitolsalicintrehalose
-----
glycerolinulinraffinoseD-sorbitolstarch
----?
Other carbohydrates: Galactose -, mannose -.
Spec. Char.:
Disease:Abscess disease of sheep and goats.
Hosts: Sheep, goat and man
Clinical Picture: Abscesses in the superficial lymph nodes
16S rRNA Seq.:
Acc-noStrainNumber of NTOperon
D83355 ATCC 35844T 1 476  

Taxonomy/phylogeny:
 
About 70 species and subspecies have been described within the genus Staphylococcus. S. aureus subsp. anaerobius is as the name implies closely related to S. aureus subsp, aureus.
Comment:Have mutations in the cat A and katB genes, resulting in a non-functional catalase
Reference(s): No. 91
Updated:2015-11-27

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