|Etymology:||Genus name: small spindle shaped rod.|
Species epithet: of horses.
|Significance:||[Of minor importance]|
|Type Strain:||VPB 4027 = NCTC 13176.|
|Micromorphology:||Pleomorphic rods (coccoid to rod shaped).|
|Gram +/Gram -:||G-|
|Other Enzymes:||Esculinase -, lipase +, Tryptophanase + (= indole +).|
|Disease:||Necrotizing pneumonia, pleuritis and paraoral infections.
|Virulence Factors:||F. equinum produces a leucotoxin.|
|16S rRNA Seq.:|
||Within the genus Fusobacteria, 14 species have been described and 2 of these are divided into 7 sub-species. Fusobacteria are related to genus Streptobacillus, but the latter belongs to another family, namely Leptotrichiaceae.|
|Comment:||Opportunist, which exists in the normal intestinal flora of the horse.|
|New families introduced within the order Enterobacterales|
The order Enterobacterales (formerly called Enterobacteriales) previously consisted of bacteria with different properties and phylogenetically, these bacteria were far apart. In order for the taxonomy to be more in line with phylogeny, some of these bacteria have, therefore, been sorted into 6 new families.Published 2022-04-13. Read more...