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Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
Veterinary bacteriology


Species/Subspecies: Fusobacterium equinum
Etymology: Genus name: small spindle shaped rod.
Species epithet: of horses.
Significance:  [Of minor importance]   
Taxonomy:
Phylum
Fusobacteria
Class
Fusobacteriia
Order
Fusobacteriales
Family
Fusobacteriaceae 
Genus
Fusobacterium
Type Strain: VPB 4027 = NCTC 13176.
Macromorphology (smell):
Micromorphology: Pleomorphic rods (coccoid to rod shaped).
Gram +/Gram -:G-
Catalase/Oxidase:-/?
Other Enzymes: Esculinase -, lipase +, Tryptophanase + (= indole +).
Spec. Char.:
Disease:Necrotizing pneumonia, pleuritis and paraoral infections.
Hosts: Horse
Clinical Picture:
Virulence Factors: F. equinum produces a leucotoxin.
16S rRNA Seq.:
Acc-noStrainNumber of NTOperon
AJ295750 (T) 1472  

Taxonomy/phylogeny:
Fusobacterium equinum  
Within the genus Fusobacteria, 14 species have been described and 2 of these are divided into 7 sub-species. Fusobacteria are related to genus Streptobacillus, but the latter belongs to another family, namely Leptotrichiaceae.
Comment:Opportunist, which exists in the normal intestinal flora of the horse.
Updated:2016-08-30

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