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Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
Veterinary bacteriology


Species/Subspecies: Campylobacter lari
Categories: Motile; primarily of interest in human medicin; notifiable diseases and bacteria
Etymology: Genus name: a curved rod.
Species epithet: of a gull.
Significance:  [Important]   
Old Species Name(s):Campylobacter laridis
Taxonomy:
Phylum
Proteobacteria
Class
Epsilonproteobacteria
Order
Campylobacterales
Family
Campylobacteraceae 
Genus
Campylobacter
Type Strain: ATCC 35221 = CCUG 23947 = NCTC 11352.
Macromorphology (smell):
 
Micromorphology: Small (0.3 x 1.7-2.4 µm) S-shaped or helical motile rods.
Gram +/Gram -:G-
Metabolism: Microaerophilic
Catalase/Oxidase:+/+
Other Enzymes: Urease V
Biochemical Tests: Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) +
Fermentation of carbohydrates: Campylobacter spp. can neither ferment nor oxidize carbohydrates.
Spec. Char.: Thermotolerant. Does not grow at 25°C, but at 42°C.
Special Media:
Campylobacter lari  
Reservoir: Faeces from healthy gulls, other birds and dogs.
Disease:May cause enteritis i humans
Hosts: Människa
Clinical Picture:
Diagnostics:Direct culture on selective media or culture after selective enrichment. Confirmation by MALDI-TOF, PCR or other molecular methods. Biochemical tests can also be used for confirmation.
Genome Sequence:
Acc-noStrainSize (bp)Genome
NZ_AAFK00000000 RM2100 1 562 000 1c + 1c 

16S rRNA Seq.:
Acc-noStrainNumber of NTOperon
L04316 (T) 1459  

Taxonomy/phylogeny:
 
About 25 species have been described within in the genus Campylobacter and some of these are further divided into subspecies. This genus is closely related to the following genera: Sulfurospirillum, Arcobacter and Helicobacter. C. lari is closely related to C.jejuni, C. hyointestinalis, C. fetus and C. coli.
Legislation:

Findings of thermotoleranta Campylobacter in broiler are in Sweden notifiable to the Swedish Board of Agriculture and the County Administrative Board.

In Sweden, human campylobacteriosis is notifiable to the Public Health Agency of Sweden.

Updated:2020-11-05

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