|Species/Subspecies:||Lactobacillus plantarum subsp. plantarum|
|Etymology:||Genus name: small rod from milk.|
Species epithet: of plants.
|Significance:||[Of minor importance]|
|Type Strain:||ATCC 14917 = CCUG 30503|
|Micromorphology:||Straight non-motile rods (0.9-1.2 x 3-8 µm) with rounded ends. The rods appear singly, in pairs or as short chains.|
|Gram +/Gram -:||G+|
|Metabolism:||Aerotolerant. Ferments various carbohydrates to lactate and acetate.|
|Other Enzymes:||Esculinase +|
|Fermentation of carbohydrates:||
|Hosts:||An environmental bacterium, which may be found on vegetables and fruit as well as in the gastrointestinal tract in animals and humans.|
|16S rRNA Seq.:|
||Genus Lactobacillus is rather big and more than 200 species have been described. They are relatively close to species within genus Enterococcus and genus Bacillus.|
|Comment:||Considered to strengthen the intestinal mucosa and is therefore used as probioticum. L. plantarum is an important bacterium in the process that leads to fermented vegetables.|
|New families introduced within the order Enterobacterales|
The order Enterobacterales (formerly called Enterobacteriales) previously consisted of bacteria with different properties and phylogenetically, these bacteria were far apart. In order for the taxonomy to be more in line with phylogeny, some of these bacteria have, therefore, been sorted into 6 new families.Published 2022-04-13. Read more...