|Etymology:||Genus name: Greek actino ray, mykes fungus (referring to the radiating appearance of microcolonies).|
Species epithet: of the ox.
|Type Strain:||ATCC 13683 = CCUG 31996 = NCTC 11535|
|Macromorphology (smell):||Small opaque colonies (0.5-1 mm in diameter).|
|Micromorphology:||Small bent and nonmotile rod (diameter: 0.2-1.0 µm), sometimes branching filaments up to 50 µm|
|Gram +/Gram -:||G+|
|Metabolism:||Facultatively anaerobic, prefers 10-15% CO2|
|Other Enzymes:||DNase +, hippuricase -, tryptophanase -, urease -|
|Biochemical Tests:||Methyl red +, Voges-Proskauer -|
|Fermentation of carbohydrates:||
|Spec. Char.:||Temperature optimum: 35-37°C|
|Disease:||Lumpy jaw in cattle and horses.
|16S rRNA Seq.:|
||The genus Actinomyces is composed of about 40 species, which are related to the genera Actinobaculum and Trueperella.|
|Comment:||Slow growing (visible growth on blood agar in 48-72 hours), type species for the genus|
|The revised taxonomy of the mollicutes|
The revised taxonomy of mollicutes (mycoplasmas) has now been introduced on VetBact, which means that many of the species have been given new genus names or moved to another higher taxon.Published 2021-11-25. Read more...