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Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences

Veterinary bacteriology: information about important bacteria
Veterinary bacteriology
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Species/Subspecies: Proteus vulgaris
Etymology: Genus name: named after an ocean god (Proteus), who could transform himself into different shapes
Species epithet: common
Significance:  [Very important]   
Taxonomy:
Phylum
Proteobacteria
Class
Gammaproteobacteria
Order
Enterobacteriales
Family
Enterobacteriaceae 
Genus
Proteus
Type Strain: ATCC 29905.
Macromorphology (smell):
Proteus vulgaris  Proteus vulgaris  
Swarms across the plate and gives no individual colonies. Has a characteristic odor.
Micromorphology: Small (0.5 x 1-3 µm) motile rod with peritrichous flagella
Gram +/Gram -:
Proteus vulgaris  
G-
Metabolism: Facultatively anaerobic
Catalase/Oxidase:+/-
Other Enzymes: Urease +
Fermentation of carbohydrates:
D-glucoselactosemaltoseL-rhamnosesucrose
+-+(-)+
L-arabinosecellobioseD-mannitolsalicintrehalose
---vv
glycerolinulinraffinoseD-sorbitolstarch
v?--?
Gas and acid are formed during fermentation of glucose.
Spec. Char.:
Special Media:
Proteus vulgaris  Proteus vulgaris  
CLED agar is used to avoid that Proteus spp. are swarming. MacConkey agar can also be used to avoid that Proteus spp. are swarming, if NaCl is omitted from the medium.
Hosts: Different animal species (including man)
Soil and water
Disease (Swedish):Reservoir: Opportunist, som tillhör den normala tarmfloran hos djur och människor. Kan orsaka urinvägsinfektioner och sårinfektioner.
Disease (English):Opportunist which belongs to the normal gut flora of animals and man. Can cause urinary tract infections and wound infections
Clinical Picture:
16S rRNA Seq.:
Acc-noStrainNumber of NTOperon
DQ885257 (T) 1478  

Taxonomy/phylogeny:
Proteus vulgaris  
Seven species have been described within genus Proteus and these are found in nature as saprophytes.
Comment:Swarms
Updated:2020-01-23

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