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Species/Subspecies: Micrococcus luteus
Etymology: Genus name: small coccus (seed, grain).
Species epithet: golden yellow.
Significance:  [Of minor importance]   
Old Species Name(s):Micrococcus lysodeikticus
Taxonomy:
PhylumClassOrderFamilyGenus
ActinobacteriaActinobacteriaMicrococcalesMicrococcaceaeMicrococcus
Type Strain: ATCC 4698 = CCUG 5858 = NCTC 2665
Macromorphology (smell): Forms yellowish colonies with granular surface.
Micromorphology: Small cocci (0.5 to 3.5 µm in diameter), which are usually arranged in tetrads or irregular clusters.
Gram +/Gram -:G+
Metabolism: Aerobic
Catalase/Oxidase:+/+
Other Enzymes: Coagulase -
Spec. Char.:
Hosts: Belongs to the normal bacterial flora on the skin of mammalians.
Reservoir: Soil, dust, water and air.
Disease (Swedish):Kan orsaka infektioner hos individer med nedsatt immunförsvar. Kan också orsaka matförgiftning på grund av produktion av kadaverin, som förstärker effekten av histamin.
Disease (English):May cause infections in immunocompromised individuals. May also cause food poisoning due to production of cadaverin, which potentiates the effect of histamine.
Clinical Picture:
Genome Sequence:
Acc-noStrainSize (bp)Genome
CP002790.1 NCTC 2665T 2 501 097 1c + 0 

16S rRNA Seq.:
Acc-noStrainNumber of NTOperon
AJ536198 DSM 20030T 1418 
One of the operons seems to be split in one of the 16S rRNA genes.

Taxonomy/phylogeny:
 Micrococcus luteus
The genus Micrococcus is composed of only one species, which is related to the genera Renibacterium and Dermatophilus.
Comment:There are three different biovars: I, II and III.
Updated:2017-05-10
 

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