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Species/Subspecies: Corynebacterium ulcerans
Etymology: Genus name: club-shaped bakterium (bacterium means small rod).
Species epithet: causing sore.
Significance:  [Of minor importance]   
Taxonomy:
PhylumClassOrderFamilyGenus
ActinobacteriaActinobacteriaCorynebacterialesCorynebacteriaceaeCorynebacterium
Type Strain: ATCC 51799 = CCUG 2708 = NCTC 7910.
Macromorphology (smell):
Micromorphology: Non-motile pleomorphic and coccoid rods.
Gram +/Gram -:G+
Metabolism: Aerobic
Catalase/Oxidase:+/-
Other Enzymes: Esculinase -, hippuricase +, urease +.
Biochemical Tests: Methyl red +.
Fermentation of carbohydrates:
D-glucoselactosemaltoseL-rhamnosesucrose
+-+?-
L-arabinosecellobioseD-mannitolsalicintrehalose
??v?-
glycerolinulinraffinoseD-sorbitolstarch
?????
Fructose +, mannose ?, xylose -.
Spec. Char.:
Hosts: Cattle, rodents, humans
Disease (Swedish):Bovin mastit (ljuverinflammation).
Abscesser (varbölder), gangrenös dermatit hos gnagare.
Human faryngit (svalginflammation).
Disease (English):Bovine mastitis.
Abscesses (gangrenous dermatitis) in rodents.
Human pharyngitis.
Clinical Picture:
Virulence Factors: Some strains of C. ulcerans are able to produce difteria toxin (see Corynebacterium diphtheria).
Genome Sequence:
Acc-noStrainSize (bp)Genome
AE015925.1 809 2 502 095 1c + 0 

16S rRNA Seq.:
Acc-noStrainNumber of NTOperon
X84256 NCTC 7910T 1490 

Taxonomy/phylogeny:
 Corynebacterium ulcerans
About 100 species have been described within genus Corynebacterium, which is closely related to the genera Mycobacterium, Nocardia, Rhodococcus and Crossiella.
Comment:C. ulcerans may cause zoonosis.
Updated:2017-03-02
 

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