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Species/Subspecies: Gallibacterium anatis
Etymology: Genus name: bacterium of chicken.
Species epithet: of a duck.
Significance:  [Of minor importance]   
Old Species Name(s):Pasteurella anatis
Taxonomy:
PhylumClassOrderFamilyGenus
ProteobacteriaGammaproteobacteriaPasteurellalesPasteurellaceaeGallibacterium
Type Strain: F 149 = ATCC 43329 = CCUG 15563 = CCUG 26456 = NCTC 11413.
Macromorphology (smell): Biovar haemolytica gives hemolysis on blood agar, but not biovar anatis.
Micromorphology: Nonmotile cockoid rods.
Gram +/Gram -:G-
Catalase/Oxidase:+/V
Other Enzymes: Ornithine decarboxylase -, tryptophanase -, urease -.
Biochemical Tests: Citrate -, hydrogen sulphide (H2S) -, methyl red -, Voges-Proskauer -.
Fermentation of carbohydrates:
D-glucoselactosemaltoseL-rhamnosesucrose
+v-?+
L-arabinosecellobioseD-mannitolsalicintrehalose
--+?+
glycerolinulinraffinoseD-sorbitolstarch
(+)-v-?
Other carbohydrates: Glucose (gas) -, mannose +.
Spec. Char.:
Hosts:
Disease (Swedish):Septikemi hos höns.
Disease (English):Septicemic disease in chickens
Clinical Picture: Lesions in multiple organs
16S rRNA Seq.:
Acc-noStrainNumber of NTOperon
AF228001 F 149T 1 471  

Taxonomy/phylogeny:
Comment:There are two biovars: anatis and haemolytica.
Updated:2011-09-20
 

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