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Species/Subspecies: Campylobacter upsaliensis
Etymology: Genus name: a curved rod.
Species epithet: of Uppsala, where the bacterium was first described at the Swedish University of Agricultural Sciences (SLU).
Significance:  [Important]   
Taxonomy:
PhylumClassOrderFamilyGenus
ProteobacteriaEpsilonproteobacteriaCampylobacteralesCampylobacteraceaeCampylobacter
Type Strain: C231 = ATCC 43954 = CCUG 14913 = NCTC 11541.
Macromorphology (smell):
Campylobacter upsaliensis 
Small pinpoint like colonies, which are non-hemolytic and swarm on moist agar.
Micromorphology: Curved or helical and motile rod (0.3-0.4 x 1.2-3.0 µm).
Gram +/Gram -:G-
Metabolism: Microaerophilic
Catalase/Oxidase:-/+
Other Enzymes: Hippuricase - (= hippurate -), urease -
Biochemical Tests: Hydrogen sulfide (H2S) +
Fermentation of carbohydrates: Campylobacter spp. can neither ferment nor oxidize carbohydrates.
Spec. Char.: Thermotolerant. Does not grow at 25°C, but at 42°C.
Hosts: Dog, cat, humans
Disease (Swedish):Enterit
Disease (English):Enteritis
Clinical Picture:
Diagnostics:Direct culture on selective media or culture after selective enrichment. Confirmation by MALDI-TOF, PCR or other molecular methods. Biochemical tests can also be used for confirmation.
16S rRNA Seq.:
Acc-noStrainNumber of NTOperon
L14628 CCUG 14913T 1 460  

Taxonomy/phylogeny:
 Campylobacter upsaliensis Campylobacter upsaliensis
About 25 species have been described within in the genus Campylobacter and some of these are further divided into subspecies. This genus is closely related to the following genera: Sulfurospirillum, Arcobacter and Helcobacter. C. upsaliensis is closely related to C. helveticus and C. avium.
Legislation:

In Sweden, human campylobacteriosis is notifiable to the Public Health Agency of Sweden.

Reference(s): No. 47
Updated:2017-02-08
 

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